Vattayappam Recipe
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Vattayappam Recipe (steamed rice recipe) | വട്ടയപ്പം റെസിപ്പി

CuisineIndian (Kerala)
Preparation Time6 hours (including fermentation)
Cooking Time20 minutes
Total Time6 hours 20 minutes
Table 1: Recipe Information Summary

Vattayappam Recipe: A Delightful Kerala Steamed Rice Cake

Vattayappam (steamed rice) is a traditional Kerala delicacy that combines the goodness of rice, coconut, and a hint of fermentation. It’s a steamed rice cake that’s soft, spongy, and mildly sweet, making it a delightful treat for breakfast or tea time. This gluten-free and vegan dish is loved not just in Kerala but by food enthusiasts worldwide.

The name “Vattayappam” translates to “round cake,” which perfectly describes its appearance. It’s typically prepared in a round or oval shape and has a lovely golden hue. What sets Vattayappam steamed rice apart is the use of fermented rice batter, which adds a unique flavour and texture to this dish.

While Vattayappam/ steamed rice is often enjoyed as a snack or breakfast item, it’s also a favourite during festivals and special occasions in Kerala. The aroma of cooking Vattayappam/ steamed rice is enough to whet your appetite, and its taste will keep you returning for more.

In this recipe, we’ll guide you through the process of making Vattayappam/ steamed rice at home, so you can savour this authentic Kerala delight whenever you like. The combination of rice, coconut, and a touch of sweetness makes it an irresistible treat for all ages.

Ingredients needed to prepare the vattayappam recipe

To make Vattayappam, you’ll need the following ingredients:

  • 1 cup raw rice
  • 1/2 cup cooked rice
  • 1/2 cup grated coconut
  • 1/2 cup sugar (adjust to taste)
  • 1/4 teaspoon yeast
  • 1/2 cup water (for grinding)
  • A pinch of salt
  • 1/4 teaspoon cardamom powder
  • A few cashew nuts (optional)
  • Ghee (clarified butter) or oil for greasing

Vessels and Kitchen Equipment

Here’s what you’ll need in terms of kitchen equipment:

  • Mixer or blender for grinding
  • Steamer or idli cooker
  • Steaming plates or bowls
  • A large bowl for fermentation

Step-by-step instructions to make Vattayappam Recipe

Follow these steps to make delicious Vattayappam:

Preparing the Batter:

  • Rinse the raw rice thoroughly and soak it in water for about 4-5 hours. Drain the water.
  • Grind the soaked raw rice, cooked rice, grated coconut, sugar, and a pinch of salt with enough water to make a smooth batter.
  • Dissolve the yeast in a tablespoon of warm water and add it to the batter.
  • Mix well and allow the batter to ferment for 2-3 hours or until it doubles in volume.

Steaming the Vattayappam:

  • Grease the steaming plates or bowls with ghee or oil.
  • Pour the fermented batter into the greased plates or bowls, filling them about 3/4 full.
  • Sprinkle cardamom powder on top and garnish with cashew nuts if desired.


  • Heat water in the steamer or idli cooker.
  • Place the plates or bowls with the batter in the steamer and steam for about 15-20 minutes or until a toothpick inserted comes out clean.
  • Remove from the steamer and allow it to cool for a few minutes.


  • Slice the steamed Vattayappam/ steamed rice into wedges and serve warm. It can be enjoyed plain or with a cup of tea.

Preparation summary for making Vattayappam Recipe

  • Soak raw rice for 4-5 hours.
  • Grind rice, cooked rice, coconut, sugar, and salt.
  • Add yeast, mix, and ferment for 2-3 hours.
  • Grease plates, pour batter, and sprinkle cardamom.
  • Steam for 15-20 minutes until done.
  • Slice and serve warm.

Preparation time to make Vattayappam Recipe

  • Preparation: 15 minutes (excluding soaking and fermentation)
  • Cooking: 20 minutes
  • Fermentation: 2-3 hours
  • Total: 6 hours 20 minutes

Servings/Portion Size

This recipe yields 6-8 servings.

Nutrition Facts about Vattayappam Recipe

Nutrition Facts (Per Serving)
Total Fat4g
Saturated Fat3g
Total Carbohydrate35g
Dietary Fiber2g
Table 2: Nutrition Facts about Vattayappam Recipe

Note: Nutritional values are approximate and may vary based on portion size and specific ingredients.

Time to eat the Vattayappam Recipe

Vattayappam/ steamed rice is a cherished Kerala delicacy that’s all about simplicity and flavour. The gentle sweetness, the soft and spongy texture, and the delightful aroma of coconut and cardamom make it an irresistible treat. Whether you enjoy it for breakfast, as an afternoon snack, or during special occasions, Vattayappam brings the essence of Kerala to your plate.

Making Vattayappam at home allows you to experience the joy of preparing and savouring this traditional dish. The fermentation process enhances the flavour and gives it a characteristic tanginess. So, whether you’re a fan of South Indian cuisine or simply looking to explore new flavours, Vattayappam is a must-try recipe that’s sure to delight your taste buds. Enjoy the taste of Kerala with this delightful steamed rice cake!

FAQs (frequently asked questions)

What is Vattayappam, and where does it originate?

Vattayappam is a traditional South Indian steamed rice cake. It hails from the Kerala region of India and is a popular snack and breakfast item.

What are the main ingredients required for making Vattayappam?

The primary ingredients for Vattayappam include rice, coconut, sugar or jaggery, yeast or toddy, and a pinch of salt. It’s known for its simple yet distinct flavour.

Can I make Vattayappam without yeast or toddy?

Yes, you can make Vattayappam without yeast or toddy. Instead, you can use baking soda or baking powder as a leavening agent to achieve the desired softness and fluffiness.

Is Vattayappam a gluten-free dish?

Yes, Vattayappam is naturally gluten-free since it is made from rice and does not contain wheat or any other gluten-containing grains.

Can I customize the flavours of Vattayappam?

Absolutely! You can add variations to the basic Vattayappam recipe by incorporating ingredients like cardamom powder, raisins, cashews, or even grated carrots to enhance the flavour and texture according to your preferences.

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